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17.8.2023 | Stock exchange releases

Kojamo plc Half-Year Financial Report 1 January–30 June 2023

Kojamo plc Stock Exchange Release, 17 August 2023 at 8.00 a.m. EEST

Kojamo plc’s Half-Year Financial Report 1 January–30 June 2023

Total revenue and net rental income grew, occupancy rate improved from previous year

This is a summary of the January–June Half-Year Financial Report, which is in its entirety attached to this release and can be downloaded from the company’s website at

Unless otherwise stated, the comparison figures in brackets refer to the corresponding period of the previous year. The figures in this Half-Year Financial Report have not been audited.

Summary of April–June 2023

  • Total revenue increased by 8.4 per cent to EUR 108.9 (100.5) million
  • Net rental income increased by 9.1 per cent totalling EUR 79.0 (72.4) million. Net rental income represented 72.6 (72.1) per cent of total revenue
  • Profit before taxes was EUR 71.7 (94.8) million. The profit includes EUR 14.0 (47.1) million in net gain on the valuation of investment properties at fair value and EUR -0.1 (0.2) million in profits and losses from the sale of in-vestment properties. Earnings per share was EUR 0.23 (0.31)
  • Funds From Operations (FFO) increased by 22.0 per cent and amounted to EUR 51.7 (42.4) million
  • Gross investments totalled EUR 61.3 (289.5) million, representing 56.3 (288.1) per cent of total revenue

Summary of January–June 2023

  • Total revenue increased by 8.6 per cent to EUR 217.1 (200.0) million
  • Net rental income increased by 7.0 per cent to EUR 138.5 (129.5) million. Net rental income was 63.8 (64.7) per cent of total revenue
  • Profit before taxes was EUR 95.7 (157.8) million. The profit includes EUR 5.1 (75.1) million in net gain on the valuation of investment properties at fair value and EUR -0.1 (0.2) million in profits and losses from the sale of in-vestment properties. Earnings per share was EUR 0.31 (0.51)
  • Funds From Operations (FFO) increased by 12.8 per cent to EUR 80.5 (71.3) million
  • The fair value of investment properties was EUR 8.3 (8.7) billion at the end of the review period
  • The financial occupancy rate was 92.2 (91.5) per cent for the review period
  • Gross investments amounted to EUR 116.3 (338.4) million, or 53.5 (169.2) per cent of total revenue
  • Equity per share was EUR 15.46 (17.58), and return on equity was 4.0 (5.9) per cent. Return on investment was 3.6 (4.9) per cent
  • EPRA NRV (Net Reinstatement Value) per share fell by 12.5 per cent to EUR 19.50 (22.29)
  • There were 1,152 (2,230) Lumo apartments under construction at the end of the review period

Kojamo owned 39,819 (38,667) rental apartments at the end of the review period. Since June of last year, Kojamo has acquired 0 (985) apartments, completed 1,216 (1,625) apartments, sold 73 (0) and demolished or otherwise altered 9 (-108) apartments.

Key figures

4–6/2023 4–6/2022 Change % 1–6/2023 1–6/2022 Change % 2022
Total revenue, M€ 108.9 100.5 8.4 217.1 200.0 8.6 413.3
Net rental income, M€ * 79.0 72.4 9.1 138.5 129.5 7.0 280.1
Net rental income margin, % * 72.6 72.1 63.8 64.7 67.8
Profit/loss before taxes, M€ * 71.7 94.8 -24.4 95.7 157.8 -39.3 -499.8
EBITDA, M€ * 82.0 110.3 -25.7 122.9 185.9 -33.9 -441.3
EBITDA margin, % * 75.3 109.8 56.6 92.9 -106.8
Adjusted EBITDA, M€ * 68.0 62.9 8.2 118.0 110.6 6.7 240.4
Adjusted EBITDA margin, % * 62.5 62.6 54.3 55.3 58.2
Funds From Operations (FFO), M€ * 51.7 42.4 22.0 80.5 71.3 12.8 160.7
FFO margin, % * 47.5 42.2 37.1 35.7 38.9
FFO excluding non-recurring costs, M€ * 51.7 42.4 22.0 80.5 71.3 12.8 160.7
Investment properties, M€ 8,268.1 8,743.2 -5.4 8,150.2
Financial occupancy rate, % 92.2 91.5 92.0
Interest-bearing liabilities, M€ * 3,658.8 3,626.4 0.9 3,678.2
Return on equity (ROE), % * 4.0 5.9 -9.9
Return on investment (ROI), % * 3.6 4.9 -5.7
Equity ratio, % * 45.3 47.9 45.3
Loan to Value (LTV), % * 43.8 40.5 43.7
EPRA Net Reinstatement Value (NRV), M€ 4,819.9 5,507.8 -12.5 4,825.9
Gross investments, M€ * 61.3 289.5 -78.8 116.3 338.4 -65.6 501.6
Number of personnel, end of the period 344 334 304
Key figures per share, € 4–6/2023 4–6/2022 Change % 1–6/2023 1–6/2022 Change % 2022
FFO per share * 0.21 0.17 23.5 0.33 0.29 13.8 0.65
Earnings per share 0.23 0.31 -25.8 0.31 0.51 -39.2 -1.62
EPRA NRV per share 19.50 22.29 -12.5 19.53
Equity per share 15.46 17.58 -12.1 15.55
* In accordance with the guidelines issued by the European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA), Kojamo provides an account of the Alternative Performance Measures used by the Group in the Key figures, the formulas used in their calculation, and reconciliation calculations in accordance with ESMA guidelines section of the Half-Year Financial Report

Outlook for Kojamo in 2023 (specified)

Kojamo estimates that in 2023, the Group’s total revenue will increase by 7–9 per cent (previously 7–10 per cent) year-on-year. In addition, Kojamo estimates that the Group’s FFO for 2023 will amount to between EUR 158–167 million, excluding non-recurring costs (previously EUR 153–165 million).

The outlook is based on the management’s assessment of total revenue, property maintenance costs and repairs, administrative expenses, financial expenses, taxes to be paid and new development to be completed, as well as the management’s view on future developments in the operating environment.

The outlook takes into account the estimated occupancy rate and rises in rents as well as the number of apartments to be completed. In addition, the outlook takes into account the result of the repurchase of eurobonds and the effect on FFO of the possible premature financing of the eurobond due in 2024 (previously does not take into account the impact on FFO of potential premature funding of the eurobond due in 2024).

The outlook does not take into account the impact of potential acquisitions or disposals on total revenue and FFO.

The management can influence total revenue and FFO through the company’s business operations. In contrast, the management has no influence over market trends, the regulatory environment or the competitive landscape.

CEO’s review

Our operations remained stable in the first half of the year, although the financial and interest rate market situation combined with the upward pressure on maintenance costs brought by inflation is challenging for the real estate operators. Total revenue, net rental income and FFO increased. We have achieved these strategic targets at the beginning of the year, and our key figures are strong.

In 2023, a large number of rental apartments from the new projects started in 2021 and 2022 will be completed in the market. Rental operations are also prone to seasonal variations, and summer is typically the strongest rental season. This year, however, we saw a change in our occupancy rate earlier than in previous years, and the occupancy rate has developed positively since early spring. The occupancy rate improved from the previous year, and we will continue measures aimed at improving the occupancy rate.

The uncertainty of the financial market has continued, and interest rates are not expected to decline in the near future. Although our interest rate risk hedging ratio is high, significantly higher interest rates will increase our interest expenses with the new financing agreements. Our balance sheet is strong, and our liquidity is good, but due to the near-term prospects of the financial markets, we must take active measures to secure our position.

We want to maintain investment grade credit rating and will therefore take proactive measures to ensure the company’s financial position. We have not started any new development projects since last autumn, and for the time being, we will not make new investments. In order to secure the credit rating, we are also launching a saving programme of which measures aim at maintaining the company’s profitability and securing good access to financing at competitive prices. Our goal is to achieve total savings of EUR 43 million in costs and investments in 2024, of which the share of costs is estimated to be EUR 18 million. We will not launch new modernisation projects for the time being, and we will reduce repairs other than those supporting the renting of apartments, as long as we do not incur repair debt. As part of the saving programme, we will start change negotiations, during which the enhancement of various functions and possible reorganization will be extensively investigated. We may carry out moderate property sales within the next 12 months. In addition, to strengthen the company’s financial position, the company’s Board of Directors will propose to the spring 2024 Annual General Meeting that no dividend be paid for 2023.

Diverse sources of financing have always been important to us, and we have a significant amount of free property collaterals at our disposal. In the current market situation, this enables the use of secured financing, which is cheaper than other forms of financing, without negatively affecting the credit rating. We are likely to use collaterals in our next financing arrangements.

In the second quarter of the year, we entered into financing arrangements totalling EUR 500 million to refinance all loans maturing this year. In addition, we used EUR 150 million of this financing to repurchase bonds maturing in 2024 and 2025. The repurchase had a positive impact of almost EUR 9 million on our financial expenses.

This year has been challenging for the construction market especially in terms of residential construction, and as we expected, the estimates of new residential start-ups have decreased significantly as the year has progressed. Next year, fewer apartments will be completed, and the continued urbanisation and shrinking housing supply will have a positive impact on the rental market situation. The shrinking supply and increased maintenance and financing costs will likely be reflected in the market in the form of more strongly rising rents in 2024.

We still had 1,152 apartments under construction at the end of the review period. Most of these apartments will be completed in 2023.

I believe that, in a challenging financial market situation, we can ensure a strong position along with our ability to build future growth through active and proactive action once the market situation becomes more favourable again.

Jani Nieminen


News conference as a webcast

Kojamo will hold a news conference for institutional investors, analysts and media on 17 August 2023 at 10.00 a.m. EEST at the company’s head office at Mannerheimintie 168A, Helsinki. The event will be held in English. After the event, the media has a possibility to ask questions also in Finnish.

The event can also be followed as a live webcast through which it is possible to ask questions. No registration for the webcast in advance is needed. The event will be accessible at

A recording of the webcast will be available later on the com-pany website at

For more information, please contact:

Niina Saarto, Director, Treasury & Investor Relations, Kojamo plc, tel. +358 20 508 3283,

Erik Hjelt, CFO, Kojamo plc, tel. +358 20 508 3225,


Nasdaq Helsinki, Irish Stock Exchange, key media

Kojamo is Finland’s largest private residential real estate company and one of the biggest investors in Finland. Our mission is to create better urban housing. Lumo offers environmentally friendly housing and services for the city dweller who appreciates quality and effortlessness. We actively develop the value of our investment properties by developing new properties and our existing property portfolio. We want to be the property market frontrunner and the number one choice for our customers. Kojamo’s shares are listed on the official list of Nasdaq Helsinki. For more information, please visit


Kojamo Half-Year Financial Report 1 January – 30 June 2023 (wkr0006.pdf)
Kojamo Half-Year Financial Report 1 January – 30 June 2023 presentation (Kojamo Half-Year Financial Report 1 January – 30 June 2023 presentation.pdf)